Identity and Access Management (IAM) involves verifying that a user is what they claim to be and determining the users that can access certain resources inside a network. IAM is managed by a company’s IT department that serves as administrators across all systems and servers. However, proper management of identity and access within the organisation requires more than just human labour. Today, smart products are available to make the activity more feasible and versatile. Keep reading to learn more about IAM and how it can benefit companies:
How Does IAM Work?
Any IAM tool or practice is meant to promote better cybersecurity within an organisation. Ignoring IAM entirely will lead to serious digital systems issues. Cybercriminals are automatons who continuously hunt for vulnerabilities in access controls. As you set your IAM strategy, decide how users will be identified within your network. User identification could be one by name, number, or other criteria. This will let get started in sorting out people and teams into various roles that will dictate their access permission levels to different systems, data, and services.
A lot of companies are following the principle of least privilege (POLP) which means granting every user and role the minimal level of access required for them to perform their job. This approach will lower the risk of your organisation and minimise the possibility of data breaches.
Effective IAM Tools and Solutions
There is a wide variety of products available that can be easily integrated with your existing security information and event management tools.
Below are of the major functions of these tools:
- Letting users log on through a central port. Consider using solutions that minimise the need for several usernames and passwords. It lets users log on through a central portal and be automatically authenticated to other internal systems and applications.
- User provisioning. This automated system lets you make new enterprise accounts for users and assign them to groups and roles through a front-end interface.
- Authenticating users using many factors. This involves the use of a secondary tool such as a smartphone or security token to add an extra layer of authentication. Users will log in with their main account and get a unique code to verify their identity.
- Authenticating users based on their risk. This solution runs an algorithm to calculate a user’s given risk. When there is very high risk, the action is blocked and the IT department gets a notification.
- Identity analytics. These tools capture authentication and authorisation events for logging activities and helping troubleshoot problems.